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Pat Kay's Photography Guide to Japan v1

Taking Photos



Static (still) subjects Lens wide open Lens almost closed
f/1.4 f/2 f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 f/16 f/22
f/1.4 apature f/2 apature f/2.8 apature f/4 apature f/5.6 apature f/8 apature f/11 apature f/16 apature f/22 apature
Shallow Depth of field Deep
Photo is brighter Photo is darker
Shallow depth of field Single point (fixed
distance) is in focus
Entire field of view (near
and far) is in focus
Deep depth of field
  Portaits Crowds Cityscapes Night sky
  Cafes   Landscapes

Shutter Speed

Dyanmic (moving) subjects
Slower moving subject Faster moving subject
  Can still be held by hand

1" 1/2 1/4 1/8 1/15 1/30 1/60 1/125 1/250 1/320 1/500 1/1000 1/2000
Blur motion Use tripod Handheld ok Freeze motion
(Km/h roughly translates to shutter speed. So 60 km/h → 1/60; 100 km/h → 1/100.)
  fireworks walker  
  panning runner  
  ocean waves  


ISO is a setting that brightens or darkens a photo. If you're using a low ISO you can brighten the image with a longer shutter speed. But use a tripod, or the longer shutter speed might cause blurry.

ISO brightens an image after it was taken, so is not a component of exposure.

Sunny   Cloudy     Indoors   Night time
100 200 400 640   800 1600 3200 6400
◄ Higher quality img Grainy/noisy img ►

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